Category Archives: Grammar Online Resources

No cost online activities, quizzes and explanations. For each site there is a listing of grammar points and types of activities included. In addition, most suitable age and proficiency level range, founders and year created year created, when available, are provided for each site.

BBC Learning English: Grammar Challenge

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/grammar_challenge/

Internationally flavored buffet of grammar points with explanation, examples and exercises created in response to learner queries.

Format:  mp3, pdf. Adobe Flash, on line text

Level: intermediate, advanced.

Contents:

  • adjectives: participle
  • adverbs
  • articles: definite, indefinite
  • clause: conditional, main
  • commonly confused word pairs
  • conjunctions:
  • infinitive
  • intensifier
  • noun: count and non-count
  • participle: adjective
  • preposition
  • pronouns
  • questions:indirect, tag, wh -(open)
  • reported (indirect)  speech
  • subject-verb agreement
  • verb : auxiliary (helping), conditional, irregular, modal, participle, passive, tenses, mixed tenses

Activities:  check answer function, check if sentence provided on this website are correct or contain errors, choose correct sentence from pair provided, choose correct word form, combine clauses to make conditional sentences, examples, explanations, forum, identify if sentences provided contain errors, links to ideas and activities for teachers for learner communicative practice in class, match equivalent sentences, match question and response, match sentences in direct form to their equivalent reported speech form, match sentence parts, match sentence with its purpose, match sentences with statement agreeing with it, match sentences with statement disagreeing with it, multiple choice, order scrambled words to make sentences, put word in correct form for sentence supplied, question completion, rewrite sentences changing them from direct to reported speech.

Age suitability: teenage, adult.

Founders: BBC.

Around since:  unknown.

Pluses: explanations are clear and concise with minimal grammarian language, examples of learner application of grammar point provided, explanations in audio format  available for listening, free of advertising, very easy navigation, functional use explained, interesting passages formed in some exercises through sequence of sentences, navigation intuitive with no ads on this site, quizzes are downloadable, search within site available, site map, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point.

Minuses: some exercises do not include naming of the grammar point covered in them.

BBC Learning English: Learn it

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/index.shtml

No longer updated, but responses in this learner forum remain fresh, clear and useful

Level: intermediate, advanced.

Contents:

  • adjectives: attributive (modifier),  comparatives, compound, irregular, participle, position, superlatives
  • adjective – noun collocation
  • adverbs:  clauses, comparative, conjunctive, emphasizing, irregular, linking, phrases (adverbial/adverbial particles), sentence position
  • articles: definite, indefinite
  • clause: dependent; independent, main, participle; reduced adverb, relative, restrictive (defining/identifying), non-restrictive (non-defining/non-identifying), subordinate
  • commonly confused word pairs and confusing words
  • conjunctions: adverbial, contrastive, coordinating , subordinating
  • determiners
  • discourse markers (linking words)
  • noun: abstract  compound, phrases (with prepositions), plural, proper,  possessive
  • preposition
  • pronouns: reflexive, relative (relative adverb)
  • punctuation
  • quantifier
  • questions (interrogative adverb):  declarative, indirect, tag,  wh -(open) , yes/no (closed)
  • reported (indirect)  speech
  • sentence types: cleft, conditional, inverted,
  • noun (subject)-verb agreement
  • verb : auxiliary (helping), conditional, contractions, double object, imperative, infinitive, intransitive, modal, participle, passive, phrasal, prepositional, stative (state) , subjunctive, tenses, transitive,  mixed tenses
  • verb –noun collocation

Activities: examples, explanations.

Age suitability: teenage, adult.

Founders: BBC

Around since: unknown.

Pluses: explanations are clear and concise in plain, non-grammarian language; no ads to clutter the site; search within site available.

Minuses: no exercises or activities, some grammar points are explained but not named in grammatical terms.

past-simple.com: Verb Tenses

www.past-simple.com

Overview of verb tenses clearly illustrated.  Good stock for a grammar soup!!

Level: beginner, intermediate, advanced.

Contents:

  • verbs : irregular, signal/key words, tenses, mixed tenses

Activities: check answer function, examples, explanations, fill-in the blanks (gap-fill), insert words in the correct form, links to activities on other sites for each grammar point.

Age suitability: teenage, adult.

Founders: unknown.

Around since:  2002.

Pluses: explanations are clear and concise, with diagrams illustrating the use of all tenses; grammar points logically grouped and clearly named; interesting passages formed in some exercises through sequence of sentences; verb tense selection, formation, explanation and exercises exclusive focus.

Minuses: differentiating site text, links to other sites and advertising may be confusing for some learners;language used in some exercises is too complex for the level of the grammar point; language used in some explanations is too complex for the level of the grammar point; links to some tests and quizzes not functioning; no search within site; screens may be cluttered and confusing for some beginners to navigate through.

Oxford University Press: English Language Teaching, Oxford Teachers’ Club: Grammar

http://elt.oup.com/teachersclub/?cc=ca&selLanguage=en

Loads of downloadable materials to flavour other Oxford produced materials.  Extensive collection for skills development in all aspects of language acquisition.

Level: beginner, intermediate, advanced.

Format: pdf, online, mp3, Word worksheets

Contents:

  • adjectives: cardinal, comparatives, compound, extreme, gradable/non-gradable, ordinal, possessive, superlatives
  • adjective –noun collocation
  • adjective –preposition collocation
  • adverbs: comparative, phrases  (adverbial), sentence position, superlative
  • American and British English differences
  • articles: definite, indefinite
  • clause: adjective (adjectival), adverb (adverbial), participle; relative, restrictive (defining/identifying), non-restrictive (non-defining/non-identifying), participle
  • commonly confused word
  • connectors
  • conjunctions
  • determiners
  • ellipsis
  • English for work
  • FCE (Cambridge) Exam
  • gerund (verbal noun): clause
  • glossary in plain language (with reference to Oxford books for skills development)
  • infinitive: clause
  • intensifier (adverb)
  • noun:, abstract (insubstantive), collective, compound, count and non-count, phrases, plural, possessive, singular
  • noun –preposition collocation
  • phrase:, adverb, noun, prepositional, verb (participle, gerund, infinitive)
  • preposition: object of, prepositional phrase
  • pronouns: adjective, definite, demonstrative, direct object, indirect object, impersonal,  indefinite, interrogative, object, personal, possessive (adjective), reflexive, relative (relative adverb), subject (nominative)
  • punctuation
  • quantifier
  • questions  indirect , tag,  wh -(open), yes/no (closed)
  • reported (indirect)  speech
  • verb : action, auxiliary (helping), conditional, imperative, irregular, linking, modal, negative,  participle, passive, phrasal, stative (state), tenses, mixed tenses
  • verb –noun collocation
  • verb – preposition collocation
  • word order and position of words in sentences

Activities: add missing words to sentences, check answer function , check if sentence provided on this website are correct or contain errors, choose correct word from pair provided, classification of words by form, combine sentences with conjunctions, correction of sentences with errors, crosswords, diagnostic quiz for each level with answer keys, examples, explanations, fill-in the blanks (gap-fill), homework activities and ideas, identify and correct errors in sentence provided , insert words in the correct position, insert words in the correct form, lesson plans for communicative practice of grammar points, links to other sites, links to online videos with teaching tips and classroom activities, listening activities to apply grammar, match question and response, match sentence parts, match sentence with its purpose, multiple choice, order scrambled sentence words to make sentences and questions, pocket guides for key grammar points, progress checklists for various levels, put word in correct form for sentence supplied, rewrite sentences changing them from positive to negative, rewrite sentences, changing wording, samples of textbook pages, songs (mp3) for children to practice grammar points, tests with focus on specific grammar points, word search, write questions to match answers provided.

Age suitability: child, teenage, adult.

Founders: Oxford University Press.

Around since:  unknown.

Pluses: browse by book title, comprehensive collection of grammar points, dialogue context  for some exercises, excellent opportunity to sample textbooks, explanations are clear and concise, free of advertising, very easy navigation, functional use explained, grammar points contextualized, sort by level and age for textbook supplemental activities, interesting passages formed in some exercises through sequence of sentences, navigation intuitive, search within site available, site map, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point.

Minuses: correct answers to exercises available in some, but not all exercises, links to some tests and quizzes not functioning, registration required.

British Council: Learn English Grammar and Quick Grammar Reference

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/learn-english-grammar, http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/quick-grammar

Level: beginner, intermediate, advanced.

Contents*:

  • adjectives: comparatives, gradable/non-gradable, mitigator, nominal (noun), order, participle, possessive, superlatives
  • adjective – preposition collocation
  • articles: definite, indefinite
  • clause: participle, relative, restrictive (defining/identifying), non-restrictive  (non-defining/non-identifying)
  • commonly confused word pairs
  • conjunctions
  • determiners
  • gerund (verbal noun)
  • infinitive
  • intensifier
  • noun: count and non-count, plural, proper,  possessive, singular
  • phrase: adjective, adverb, noun, prepositional, verb (participle, gerund, infinitive)
  • preposition: prepositional phrase
  • pronouns: demonstrative, impersonal, indefinite, interrogative,  personal, possessive (adjective), reciprocal , reflexive, relative (relative adverb)
  • quantifier
  • questions (interrogative adverb): possessive, tag,  wh -(open) , yes/no (closed)
  • reported (indirect)  speech
  • sentence parts
  • sentence types: complex, compound, simple
  • verb : active,  auxiliary (helping), conditional, delexical, double object, ergative, intransitive, irregular, linking, modal, passive, phrasal, reflexive, stative, tenses, transitive, mixed tenses
  • word order and position of words in sentences

*additional grammar points may be included in this site, but a review of the contents of each individual exercise would be necessary to identify them.

Activities: answer questions provided on this site, add missing words to sentences, check answer function, check if sentence provided on this website are correct or contain errors, choose correct word from pair provided, classification of words by form, common errors and fixes to them provided, complete word form chart, examples, explanations, fill-in the blanks (gap-fill), forum, identify sentence structure, insert correct word, match sentence parts, match sentence with its purpose, multiple choice, order scrambled sentence words , put word in correct form for sentence supplied, question completion.

Age suitability: teenage, adult.

Founders: British Council.

Around since: unknown.

Pluses: explanations are clear and concise, free of advertising, very easy navigation, search within site available, site map, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point

Minuses: some explanations and exercises do not include conventional naming of the grammar point.

My Favs

The following sites stand out in terms of quality of explanations, content and activities. They are all on the mark in terms of vocabulary appropriate to learner proficiency level.

English Grammar 4U Online

Beginner, intermediate,advanced.

Extensive explanations and exercises.

www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar

Capital Community College: Guide to Grammar and Writing Intermediate, advanced.

Incredible range and depth of information and activities.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/

English 4 U

Beginner, intermediate, advanced.

Very learner friendly exercises with easy navigation.

www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar

English Grammar Quizzes: Internet TESL Journal

Beginner, intermediate, advanced.

Huge buffet of tasty exercises for learners to gorge themselves on.

http://a4esl.org/q/j/

BBC Skillwise: Grammar

Beginner.

Clean simple activities to support learners.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/grammar/

Exercises

This graphic was drawn by SKopp.

Image via Wikipedia

http://sir.free.fr/exos.htm

Eclectic collection for activities for French speakers learning English. Most activities are in English only, a few with French instructions.

Level: beginner, intermediate.

Contents*:

  • articles: definite, indefinite
  • clause: dependent; main
  • questions (interrogative adverb):  tag
  • reported (indirect)  speech
  • verb : conditional,  modal, passive, tenses, mixed tenses

*additional grammar points may be included in this site, but would need to identified from screens with activities containing a number of different grammar points

Activities: check answer function , check if sentence provided on this website are correct or contain errors, crosswords, fill-in the blanks (gap-fill), hangman, identify errors in sentence provided on this website, insert words in the correct form, links to other sites, multiple choice, order scrambled sentence words, put word in correct form for sentence supplied, question completion, rewrite sentences changing them from active voice to passive, rewrite sentences changing them from direct to reported speech.

Age suitability: teenage to adult.

Founders: Gerard Smith.

Around since: 1998.

Pluses: free of advertising, very easy navigation, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point.

Minuses: explanations and examples not provided for grammar points, instructions on some screens are in French, but easy to at what the activity requires, links to some sections, such ‘home’, not functioning, some exercises do not include naming of the grammar point covered in them.

Dr. Grammar: Frequently Asked Questions

www.drgrammar.org/frequently-asked-questions

Not an ESL site, but an extensive collection of answers to questions about common sources of grammar confusion and commonly confused word pairs.

Level: intermediate, advanced.

Contents:

  • adjectives: comparatives, superlatives
  • adverbs
  • articles
  • clause: dependent; independent
  • commonly confused word pairs
  • noun:  irregular plural
  • parallelism (parallel structure)
  • preposition
  • punctuation
  • sentence parts:  complement
  • verb : intransitive,  irregular, linking, transitive
  • additional grammar points  included related to writing

Activities: examples, explanations.

Age suitability: teenage, adult.

Founders: University of Northern Iowa, Department of English Language and Literature.

Around since: unknown.

Pluses: explanations are clear and detailed, free of advertising, very easy navigation, grammar points clearly named, vocabulary is appropriate for the level of grammar covered, site search available, form to submit questions.

Minuses: no exercises or activities.

natural English: Oxford University Press

www.oup.com/elt/global/products/naturalenglish/pre/a_grammar/

Excerpts from 14 unit top quality textbook.

Level: beginner, intermediate.

Contents:

  • adjectives: comparatives, participle, superlatives
  • adverbs
  • clause: restrictive clause (defining/identifying)
  • ellipsis
  • intensifier
  • interjection
  • noun: count and non-count
  • preposition
  • pronouns
  • quantifier
  • questions (interrogative adverb)
  • verb : auxiliary (helping), causative, conditional,  tenses, mixed tenses

Activities: active games, check answer function , choose correct word from choices provided, crosswords, fill-in the blanks (gap-fill), identify extra word in sentences if present, insert words in the correct form, match question and response, match sentence halves, multiple choice, order scrambled sentence words, word search.

Age suitability: adolescent, teenage, adult.

Founders: Oxford University Press.

Around since: unknown.

Pluses: excellent opportunity to sample the textbook, free of advertising, very easy navigation, graphics in games appealing to young learners, grammar points contextualized within thematic lessons that also include functions, vocabulary and some dialogues, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point.

Minuses: explanations and examples not provided for grammar points, some exercises do not include naming of the grammar point covered in them.

Morris Bibliowicz’ ESL Website: ESL Exercises, City College of San Francisco, Downtown Campus

http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mbibliow/

Collection of materials an instructor has made available to his students and for the rest of us to appreciate.

Level: beginner, intermediate.

Contents:

  • adjectives: comparatives
  • clause
  • noun: irregular plural
  • preposition
  • questions (interrogative adverb):  wh -(open)
  • verb : auxiliary (helping), irregular, tenses

Activities: change sentences from present to past tense, change sentences to questions, change sentences with singular nouns to plural nouns, making changes in the verb form if needed, check answer function, complete word form chart, insert words in the correct form, rewrite sentences changing them from active voice to passive.

Age suitability: teenage to adult.

Founders: Morris Bibliowicz.

Around since: unknown.

Pluses: content great for beginners, grammar points clearly named, some interesting passages formed in some exercises through sequence of sentences, no advertisements, vocabulary in exercises is appropriate to the level of the grammar point.

Minuses: explanations and examples not provided for grammar points.